Every time you go to your physician’s office, your blood pressure is taken. But what do those two numbers mean and what should your blood pressure be?
Medical care providers take your blood pressure to determine how hard your heart is working to pump blood. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can cause damage to the heart and blood vessels over time.
Your blood pressure is measured in two numbers.
- Systolic blood pressure
The top systolic blood pressure measures the force pushing against artery walls when the heart is contracting.
- Diastolic blood pressure
The bottom diastolic blood pressure measures pressure in the arteries when the heart is resting between beats.